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Early bedtime for preschoolers may ward off teen obesity

By Reuters - Jul 24,2016 - Last updated at Jul 24,2016

Photo courtesy of scholastic.com

It’s never too early to get kids into good sleep habits, and those habits might even protect against obesity later in life, a recent US study suggests.

Preschoolers who were in bed by 8pm were half as likely to be obese 10 years later as their peers who were still up after 9pm, researchers report in the Journal of Paediatrics.

“Encouraging kids to go to sleep early may be one way to prevent excess weight gain,” lead author Dr Sarah Anderson at the Ohio State University in Columbus told Reuters Health. 

Excess weight in children has become a major health problem in the US According to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, roughly 17 per cent of children and adolescents — nearly 13 million kids — are obese.

Anderson and coauthors used data on 977 children who were born healthy in 1991 and who were tracked every year until they were 15.

When the children were 4 years old, on average, their mothers reported their usual weekday bedtimes. 

Half the kids had bedtimes after 8pm but before 9pm, one quarter went to bed at 8pm or earlier, and another quarter went to bed after 9pm. 

When the researchers looked at the kids’ weights at age 15, they found that preschoolers who went to bed before 8pm were least likely to be obese as teens. The likelihood of obesity was greater for the kids who went to bed between 8 and 9pm, and greatest for those who stayed up past 9pm when they were little. 

The rates of adolescent obesity were 10 per cent, 16 per cent, and 23 per cent, respectively, in the three groups.

The researchers factored in other possible influences on obesity risk, including socioeconomic status and mothers’ obesity. They also adjusted for “maternal sensitivity”, a measure of the quality of the mother-child relationship, such as whether mothers paid attention to their child’s emotional needs, how often they supported their child’s decisions and how often they let their child make decisions on their own. 

“Turns out that maternal sensitivity didn’t have an effect,” said Anderson. 

Not all households have the luxury of putting their kids to bed early, Anderson acknowledged. “If parents come home late from their jobs, it can be challenging to have a regular routine.” 

Even so, she said, it’s important for parents to think about their child’s bedtime, “so they get enough sleep and can function at their best”.

The study doesn’t prove cause and effect, said Dr Dennis Styne, who studies childhood obesity at the University of California, Davis and was not involved with the study. 

Obesity also runs in families, and if parents are obese, their children are at a higher risk of becoming obese, he said.

 

“Parents can’t change their genes, but they can instil good habits in their children, like when they should go to sleep and what foods they should eat,” Styne said.

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